HTML to markdown web scraping

By Amr

%pip install markdownify

Estimated reading time: 27 minutes

Edit on Github
Table of Contents
%pip install markdownify
import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from markdownify import markdownify as md

def find_content(soup):
    # Try different heuristics to find content
    content_selectors = [
        {'tag': 'div', 'attr': {'class': 'main-content'}},
        {'tag': 'main', 'attr': {}},
        {'tag': 'article', 'attr': {}}
    ]

    for selector in content_selectors:
        content = soup.find(selector['tag'], attrs=selector['attr'])
        if content:
            return content

    # As a fallback, return the body or None
    return soup.find('body') or None

def html_to_markdown(url):
    # Fetching the HTML content
    response = requests.get(url)
    response.raise_for_status()  # Will raise an HTTPError for bad requests

    # Parsing HTML
    soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')

    # Find content using heuristics
    content_div = find_content(soup)

    if content_div:
        # Converting to Markdown
        markdown_text = md(str(content_div), heading_style="ATX")
        return markdown_text
    else:
        return "Content not found."

# Example usage
url = 'https://getbootstrap.com/docs/5.3/components/modal/'
markdown_output = html_to_markdown(url)
print(markdown_output)

/Users/bamr87/Library/Python/3.9/lib/python/site-packages/urllib3/__init__.py:35: NotOpenSSLWarning: urllib3 v2 only supports OpenSSL 1.1.1+, currently the 'ssl' module is compiled with 'LibreSSL 2.8.3'. See: https://github.com/urllib3/urllib3/issues/3020
  warnings.warn(





[View on GitHub](https://github.com/twbs/bootstrap/blob/v5.3.3/site/content/docs/5.3/components/modal.md "View and edit this file on GitHub") 

# Modal



Use Bootstrap’s JavaScript modal plugin to add dialogs to your site for lightboxes, user notifications, or completely custom content.






 On this page
 

**On this page**


---




* [How it works](#how-it-works)
* [Examples](#examples)
	+ [Modal components](#modal-components)
	+ [Live demo](#live-demo)
	+ [Static backdrop](#static-backdrop)
	+ [Scrolling long content](#scrolling-long-content)
	+ [Vertically centered](#vertically-centered)
	+ [Tooltips and popovers](#tooltips-and-popovers)
	+ [Using the grid](#using-the-grid)
	+ [Varying modal content](#varying-modal-content)
	+ [Toggle between modals](#toggle-between-modals)
	+ [Change animation](#change-animation)
	+ [Remove animation](#remove-animation)
	+ [Dynamic heights](#dynamic-heights)
	+ [Accessibility](#accessibility)
	+ [Embedding YouTube videos](#embedding-youtube-videos)
* [Optional sizes](#optional-sizes)
* [Fullscreen Modal](#fullscreen-modal)
* [CSS](#css)
	+ [Variables](#variables)
	+ [Sass variables](#sass-variables)
	+ [Sass loops](#sass-loops)
* [Usage](#usage)
	+ [Via data attributes](#via-data-attributes)
		- [Toggle](#toggle)
		- [Dismiss](#dismiss)
	+ [Via JavaScript](#via-javascript)
	+ [Options](#options)
	+ [Methods](#methods)
		- [Passing options](#passing-options)
	+ [Events](#events)






## How it works


Before getting started with Bootstrap’s modal component, be sure to read the following as our menu options have recently changed.


* Modals are built with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. They’re positioned over everything else in the document and remove scroll from the `<body>` so that modal content scrolls instead.
* Clicking on the modal “backdrop” will automatically close the modal.
* Bootstrap only supports one modal window at a time. Nested modals aren’t supported as we believe them to be poor user experiences.
* Modals use `position: fixed`, which can sometimes be a bit particular about its rendering. Whenever possible, place your modal HTML in a top-level position to avoid potential interference from other elements. You’ll likely run into issues when nesting a `.modal` within another fixed element.
* Once again, due to `position: fixed`, there are some caveats with using modals on mobile devices. [See our browser support docs](/docs/5.3/getting-started/browsers-devices/#modals-and-dropdowns-on-mobile) for details.
* Due to how HTML5 defines its semantics, [the `autofocus` HTML attribute](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTML/Element/input#attr-autofocus) has no effect in Bootstrap modals. To achieve the same effect, use some custom JavaScript:



```
const myModal = document.getElementById('myModal')
const myInput = document.getElementById('myInput')

myModal.addEventListener('shown.bs.modal', () => {
  myInput.focus()
})

```

The animation effect of this component is dependent on the `prefers-reduced-motion` media query. See the [reduced motion section of our accessibility documentation](/docs/5.3/getting-started/accessibility/#reduced-motion).

Keep reading for demos and usage guidelines.


## Examples


### Modal components


Below is a *static* modal example (meaning its `position` and `display` have been overridden). Included are the modal header, modal body (required for `padding`), and modal footer (optional). We ask that you include modal headers with dismiss actions whenever possible, or provide another explicit dismiss action.







##### Modal title





Modal body text goes here.




Close
Save changes






```
<div class="modal" tabindex="-1">
  <div class="modal-dialog">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <h5 class="modal-title">Modal title</h5>
        <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close"></button>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        <p>Modal body text goes here.</p>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Save changes</button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

```

In the above static example, we use `<h5>`, to avoid issues with the heading hierarchy in the documentation page. Structurally, however, a modal dialog represents its own separate document/context, so the `.modal-title` should ideally be an `<h1>`. If necessary, you can use the [font size utilities](/docs/5.3/utilities/text/#font-size) to control the heading’s appearance. All the following live examples use this approach.

### Live demo


Toggle a working modal demo by clicking the button below. It will slide down and fade in from the top of the page.






# Modal title





Woo-hoo, you're reading this text in a modal!




Close
Save changes






 Launch demo modal
 


```
<!-- Button trigger modal -->
<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-bs-toggle="modal" data-bs-target="#exampleModal">
  Launch demo modal
</button>

<!-- Modal -->
<div class="modal fade" id="exampleModal" tabindex="-1" aria-labelledby="exampleModalLabel" aria-hidden="true">
  <div class="modal-dialog">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <h1 class="modal-title fs-5" id="exampleModalLabel">Modal title</h1>
        <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close"></button>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        ...
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Save changes</button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

```
### Static backdrop


When backdrop is set to static, the modal will not close when clicking outside of it. Click the button below to try it.






# Modal title





I will not close if you click outside of me. Don't even try to press escape key.




Close
Understood






 Launch static backdrop modal
 


```
<!-- Button trigger modal -->
<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-bs-toggle="modal" data-bs-target="#staticBackdrop">
  Launch static backdrop modal
</button>

<!-- Modal -->
<div class="modal fade" id="staticBackdrop" data-bs-backdrop="static" data-bs-keyboard="false" tabindex="-1" aria-labelledby="staticBackdropLabel" aria-hidden="true">
  <div class="modal-dialog">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <h1 class="modal-title fs-5" id="staticBackdropLabel">Modal title</h1>
        <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close"></button>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        ...
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Understood</button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

```
### Scrolling long content


When modals become too long for the user’s viewport or device, they scroll independent of the page itself. Try the demo below to see what we mean.






# Modal title





This is some placeholder content to show the scrolling behavior for modals. Instead of repeating the text in the modal, we use an inline style to set a minimum height, thereby extending the length of the overall modal and demonstrating the overflow scrolling. When content becomes longer than the height of the viewport, scrolling will move the modal as needed.




Close
Save changes






 Launch demo modal
 

You can also create a scrollable modal that allows scrolling the modal body by adding `.modal-dialog-scrollable` to `.modal-dialog`.






# Modal title





This is some placeholder content to show the scrolling behavior for modals. We use repeated line breaks to demonstrate how content can exceed minimum inner height, thereby showing inner scrolling. When content becomes longer than the predefined max-height of modal, content will be cropped and scrollable within the modal.


  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

This content should appear at the bottom after you scroll.




Close
Save changes






 Launch demo modal
 


```
<!-- Scrollable modal -->
<div class="modal-dialog modal-dialog-scrollable">
  ...
</div>

```
### Vertically centered


Add `.modal-dialog-centered` to `.modal-dialog` to vertically center the modal.






# Modal title





This is a vertically centered modal.




Close
Save changes








# Modal title





This is some placeholder content to show a vertically centered modal. We've added some extra copy here to show how vertically centering the modal works when combined with scrollable modals. We also use some repeated line breaks to quickly extend the height of the content, thereby triggering the scrolling. When content becomes longer than the predefined max-height of modal, content will be cropped and scrollable within the modal.


  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

Just like that.




Close
Save changes






 Vertically centered modal
 

 Vertically centered scrollable modal
 


```
<!-- Vertically centered modal -->
<div class="modal-dialog modal-dialog-centered">
  ...
</div>

<!-- Vertically centered scrollable modal -->
<div class="modal-dialog modal-dialog-centered modal-dialog-scrollable">
  ...
</div>

```
### Tooltips and popovers


[Tooltips](/docs/5.3/components/tooltips/) and [popovers](/docs/5.3/components/popovers/) can be placed within modals as needed. When modals are closed, any tooltips and popovers within are also automatically dismissed.






# Modal title





## Popover in a modal


This button triggers a popover on click.




---


## Tooltips in a modal


[This link](# "Tooltip") and [that link](# "Tooltip") have tooltips on hover.




Close
Save changes






 Launch demo modal
 


```
<div class="modal-body">
  <h2 class="fs-5">Popover in a modal</h2>
  <p>This <button class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-toggle="popover" title="Popover title" data-bs-content="Popover body content is set in this attribute.">button</button> triggers a popover on click.</p>
  <hr>
  <h2 class="fs-5">Tooltips in a modal</h2>
  <p><a href="#" data-bs-toggle="tooltip" title="Tooltip">This link</a> and <a href="#" data-bs-toggle="tooltip" title="Tooltip">that link</a> have tooltips on hover.</p>
</div>

```
### Using the grid


Utilize the Bootstrap grid system within a modal by nesting `.container-fluid` within the `.modal-body`. Then, use the normal grid system classes as you would anywhere else.






# Grids in modals







.col-md-4
.col-md-4 .ms-auto


.col-md-3 .ms-auto
.col-md-2 .ms-auto


.col-md-6 .ms-auto



 Level 1: .col-sm-9
 

 Level 2: .col-8 .col-sm-6
 

 Level 2: .col-4 .col-sm-6
 






Close
Save changes






 Launch demo modal



```
<div class="modal-body">
  <div class="container-fluid">
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-md-4">.col-md-4</div>
      <div class="col-md-4 ms-auto">.col-md-4 .ms-auto</div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-md-3 ms-auto">.col-md-3 .ms-auto</div>
      <div class="col-md-2 ms-auto">.col-md-2 .ms-auto</div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-md-6 ms-auto">.col-md-6 .ms-auto</div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-sm-9">
        Level 1: .col-sm-9
        <div class="row">
          <div class="col-8 col-sm-6">
            Level 2: .col-8 .col-sm-6
          </div>
          <div class="col-4 col-sm-6">
            Level 2: .col-4 .col-sm-6
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

```
### Varying modal content


Have a bunch of buttons that all trigger the same modal with slightly different contents? Use `event.relatedTarget` and [HTML `data-bs-*` attributes](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Learn/HTML/Howto/Use_data_attributes) to vary the contents of the modal depending on which button was clicked.


Below is a live demo followed by example HTML and JavaScript. For more information, [read the modal events docs](#events) for details on `relatedTarget`.




Open modal for @mdo
Open modal for @fat
Open modal for @getbootstrap




# New message







Recipient:



Message:





Close
Send message





html









```
<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-bs-toggle="modal" data-bs-target="#exampleModal" data-bs-whatever="@mdo">Open modal for @mdo</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-bs-toggle="modal" data-bs-target="#exampleModal" data-bs-whatever="@fat">Open modal for @fat</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-primary" data-bs-toggle="modal" data-bs-target="#exampleModal" data-bs-whatever="@getbootstrap">Open modal for @getbootstrap</button>

<div class="modal fade" id="exampleModal" tabindex="-1" aria-labelledby="exampleModalLabel" aria-hidden="true">
  <div class="modal-dialog">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <h1 class="modal-title fs-5" id="exampleModalLabel">New message</h1>
        <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close"></button>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        <form>
          <div class="mb-3">
            <label for="recipient-name" class="col-form-label">Recipient:</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" id="recipient-name">
          </div>
          <div class="mb-3">
            <label for="message-text" class="col-form-label">Message:</label>
            <textarea class="form-control" id="message-text"></textarea>
          </div>
        </form>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary">Send message</button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>
```




[site/assets/js/snippets.js](https://github.com/twbs/bootstrap/blob/v5.3.3/site/assets/js/snippets.js)






```
const exampleModal = document.getElementById('exampleModal')
if (exampleModal) {
  exampleModal.addEventListener('show.bs.modal', event => {
    // Button that triggered the modal
    const button = event.relatedTarget
    // Extract info from data-bs-* attributes
    const recipient = button.getAttribute('data-bs-whatever')
    // If necessary, you could initiate an Ajax request here
    // and then do the updating in a callback.

    // Update the modal's content.
    const modalTitle = exampleModal.querySelector('.modal-title')
    const modalBodyInput = exampleModal.querySelector('.modal-body input')

    modalTitle.textContent = `New message to ${recipient}`
    modalBodyInput.value = recipient
  })
}
```

### Toggle between modals


Toggle between multiple modals with some clever placement of the `data-bs-target` and `data-bs-toggle` attributes. For example, you could toggle a password reset modal from within an already open sign in modal. **Please note multiple modals cannot be open at the same time**—this method simply toggles between two separate modals.








# Modal 1





 Show a second modal and hide this one with the button below.
 

Open second modal








# Modal 2





 Hide this modal and show the first with the button below.
 

Back to first




Open first modal

html









```
<div class="modal fade" id="exampleModalToggle" aria-hidden="true" aria-labelledby="exampleModalToggleLabel" tabindex="-1">
  <div class="modal-dialog modal-dialog-centered">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <h1 class="modal-title fs-5" id="exampleModalToggleLabel">Modal 1</h1>
        <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close"></button>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        Show a second modal and hide this one with the button below.
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button class="btn btn-primary" data-bs-target="#exampleModalToggle2" data-bs-toggle="modal">Open second modal</button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>
<div class="modal fade" id="exampleModalToggle2" aria-hidden="true" aria-labelledby="exampleModalToggleLabel2" tabindex="-1">
  <div class="modal-dialog modal-dialog-centered">
    <div class="modal-content">
      <div class="modal-header">
        <h1 class="modal-title fs-5" id="exampleModalToggleLabel2">Modal 2</h1>
        <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close"></button>
      </div>
      <div class="modal-body">
        Hide this modal and show the first with the button below.
      </div>
      <div class="modal-footer">
        <button class="btn btn-primary" data-bs-target="#exampleModalToggle" data-bs-toggle="modal">Back to first</button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>
<button class="btn btn-primary" data-bs-target="#exampleModalToggle" data-bs-toggle="modal">Open first modal</button>
```


### Change animation


The `$modal-fade-transform` variable determines the transform state of `.modal-dialog` before the modal fade-in animation, the `$modal-show-transform` variable determines the transform of `.modal-dialog` at the end of the modal fade-in animation.


If you want for example a zoom-in animation, you can set `$modal-fade-transform: scale(.8)`.


### Remove animation


For modals that simply appear rather than fade in to view, remove the `.fade` class from your modal markup.



```
<div class="modal" tabindex="-1" aria-labelledby="..." aria-hidden="true">
  ...
</div>

```
### Dynamic heights


If the height of a modal changes while it is open, you should call `myModal.handleUpdate()` to readjust the modal’s position in case a scrollbar appears.


### Accessibility


Be sure to add `aria-labelledby="..."`, referencing the modal title, to `.modal`. Additionally, you may give a description of your modal dialog with `aria-describedby` on `.modal`. Note that you don’t need to add `role="dialog"` since we already add it via JavaScript.


### Embedding YouTube videos


Embedding YouTube videos in modals requires additional JavaScript not in Bootstrap to automatically stop playback and more. [See this helpful Stack Overflow post](https://stackoverflow.com/questions/18622508/bootstrap-3-and-youtube-in-modal) for more information.


## Optional sizes


Modals have three optional sizes, available via modifier classes to be placed on a `.modal-dialog`. These sizes kick in at certain breakpoints to avoid horizontal scrollbars on narrower viewports.




| Size | Class | Modal max-width |
| --- | --- | --- |
| Small | `.modal-sm` | `300px` |
| Default | None | `500px` |
| Large | `.modal-lg` | `800px` |
| Extra large | `.modal-xl` | `1140px` |


Our default modal without modifier class constitutes the “medium” size modal.



Extra large modal
Large modal
Small modal


```
<div class="modal-dialog modal-xl">...</div>
<div class="modal-dialog modal-lg">...</div>
<div class="modal-dialog modal-sm">...</div>

```




# Extra large modal





 ...
 







# Large modal





 ...
 







# Small modal





 ...
 



## Fullscreen Modal


Another override is the option to pop up a modal that covers the user viewport, available via modifier classes that are placed on a `.modal-dialog`.




| Class | Availability |
| --- | --- |
| `.modal-fullscreen` | Always |
| `.modal-fullscreen-sm-down` | `576px` |
| `.modal-fullscreen-md-down` | `768px` |
| `.modal-fullscreen-lg-down` | `992px` |
| `.modal-fullscreen-xl-down` | `1200px` |
| `.modal-fullscreen-xxl-down` | `1400px` |



Full screen
Full screen below sm
Full screen below md
Full screen below lg
Full screen below xl
Full screen below xxl


```
<!-- Full screen modal -->
<div class="modal-dialog modal-fullscreen-sm-down">
  ...
</div>

```




# Full screen modal





 ...
 

Close








# Full screen below sm





 ...
 

Close








# Full screen below md





 ...
 

Close








# Full screen below lg





 ...
 

Close








# Full screen below xl





 ...
 

Close








# Full screen below xxl





 ...
 

Close




## CSS


### Variables


Added in v5.2.0
As part of Bootstrap’s evolving CSS variables approach, modals now use local CSS variables on `.modal` and `.modal-backdrop` for enhanced real-time customization. Values for the CSS variables are set via Sass, so Sass customization is still supported, too.




[scss/\_modal.scss](https://github.com/twbs/bootstrap/blob/v5.3.3/scss/_modal.scss)






```
--#{$prefix}modal-zindex: #{$zindex-modal};
--#{$prefix}modal-width: #{$modal-md};
--#{$prefix}modal-padding: #{$modal-inner-padding};
--#{$prefix}modal-margin: #{$modal-dialog-margin};
--#{$prefix}modal-color: #{$modal-content-color};
--#{$prefix}modal-bg: #{$modal-content-bg};
--#{$prefix}modal-border-color: #{$modal-content-border-color};
--#{$prefix}modal-border-width: #{$modal-content-border-width};
--#{$prefix}modal-border-radius: #{$modal-content-border-radius};
--#{$prefix}modal-box-shadow: #{$modal-content-box-shadow-xs};
--#{$prefix}modal-inner-border-radius: #{$modal-content-inner-border-radius};
--#{$prefix}modal-header-padding-x: #{$modal-header-padding-x};
--#{$prefix}modal-header-padding-y: #{$modal-header-padding-y};
--#{$prefix}modal-header-padding: #{$modal-header-padding}; // Todo in v6: Split this padding into x and y
--#{$prefix}modal-header-border-color: #{$modal-header-border-color};
--#{$prefix}modal-header-border-width: #{$modal-header-border-width};
--#{$prefix}modal-title-line-height: #{$modal-title-line-height};
--#{$prefix}modal-footer-gap: #{$modal-footer-margin-between};
--#{$prefix}modal-footer-bg: #{$modal-footer-bg};
--#{$prefix}modal-footer-border-color: #{$modal-footer-border-color};
--#{$prefix}modal-footer-border-width: #{$modal-footer-border-width};
```



[scss/\_modal.scss](https://github.com/twbs/bootstrap/blob/v5.3.3/scss/_modal.scss)






```
--#{$prefix}backdrop-zindex: #{$zindex-modal-backdrop};
--#{$prefix}backdrop-bg: #{$modal-backdrop-bg};
--#{$prefix}backdrop-opacity: #{$modal-backdrop-opacity};
```

### Sass variables




[scss/\_variables.scss](https://github.com/twbs/bootstrap/blob/v5.3.3/scss/_variables.scss)






```
$modal-inner-padding:               $spacer;

$modal-footer-margin-between:       .5rem;

$modal-dialog-margin:               .5rem;
$modal-dialog-margin-y-sm-up:       1.75rem;

$modal-title-line-height:           $line-height-base;

$modal-content-color:               null;
$modal-content-bg:                  var(--#{$prefix}body-bg);
$modal-content-border-color:        var(--#{$prefix}border-color-translucent);
$modal-content-border-width:        var(--#{$prefix}border-width);
$modal-content-border-radius:       var(--#{$prefix}border-radius-lg);
$modal-content-inner-border-radius: subtract($modal-content-border-radius, $modal-content-border-width);
$modal-content-box-shadow-xs:       var(--#{$prefix}box-shadow-sm);
$modal-content-box-shadow-sm-up:    var(--#{$prefix}box-shadow);

$modal-backdrop-bg:                 $black;
$modal-backdrop-opacity:            .5;

$modal-header-border-color:         var(--#{$prefix}border-color);
$modal-header-border-width:         $modal-content-border-width;
$modal-header-padding-y:            $modal-inner-padding;
$modal-header-padding-x:            $modal-inner-padding;
$modal-header-padding:              $modal-header-padding-y $modal-header-padding-x; // Keep this for backwards compatibility

$modal-footer-bg:                   null;
$modal-footer-border-color:         $modal-header-border-color;
$modal-footer-border-width:         $modal-header-border-width;

$modal-sm:                          300px;
$modal-md:                          500px;
$modal-lg:                          800px;
$modal-xl:                          1140px;

$modal-fade-transform:              translate(0, -50px);
$modal-show-transform:              none;
$modal-transition:                  transform .3s ease-out;
$modal-scale-transform:             scale(1.02);

```

### Sass loops


[Responsive fullscreen modals](#fullscreen-modal) are generated via the `$breakpoints` map and a loop in `scss/_modal.scss`.




[scss/\_modal.scss](https://github.com/twbs/bootstrap/blob/v5.3.3/scss/_modal.scss)






```
@each $breakpoint in map-keys($grid-breakpoints) {
  $infix: breakpoint-infix($breakpoint, $grid-breakpoints);
  $postfix: if($infix != "", $infix + "-down", "");

  @include media-breakpoint-down($breakpoint) {
    .modal-fullscreen#{$postfix} {
      width: 100vw;
      max-width: none;
      height: 100%;
      margin: 0;

      .modal-content {
        height: 100%;
        border: 0;
        @include border-radius(0);
      }

      .modal-header,
      .modal-footer {
        @include border-radius(0);
      }

      .modal-body {
        overflow-y: auto;
      }
    }
  }
}

```

## Usage


The modal plugin toggles your hidden content on demand, via data attributes or JavaScript. It also overrides default scrolling behavior and generates a `.modal-backdrop` to provide a click area for dismissing shown modals when clicking outside the modal.


### Via data attributes


#### Toggle


Activate a modal without writing JavaScript. Set `data-bs-toggle="modal"` on a controller element, like a button, along with a `data-bs-target="#foo"` or `href="#foo"` to target a specific modal to toggle.



```
<button type="button" data-bs-toggle="modal" data-bs-target="#myModal">Launch modal</button>

```
#### Dismiss


Dismissal can be achieved with the `data-bs-dismiss` attribute on a button **within the modal** as demonstrated below:



```
<button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close"></button>

```
or on a button **outside the modal** using the additional `data-bs-target` as demonstrated below:



```
<button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" data-bs-target="#my-modal" aria-label="Close"></button>

```

While both ways to dismiss a modal are supported, keep in mind that dismissing from outside a modal does not match the [ARIA Authoring Practices Guide dialog (modal) pattern](https://www.w3.org/WAI/ARIA/apg/patterns/dialogmodal/). Do this at your own risk.

### Via JavaScript


Create a modal with a single line of JavaScript:



```
const myModal = new bootstrap.Modal(document.getElementById('myModal'), options)
// or
const myModalAlternative = new bootstrap.Modal('#myModal', options)

```
### Options


As options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript, you can append an option name to `data-bs-`, as in `data-bs-animation="{value}"`. Make sure to change the case type of the option name from “*camelCase*” to “*kebab-case*” when passing the options via data attributes. For example, use `data-bs-custom-class="beautifier"` instead of `data-bs-customClass="beautifier"`.


As of Bootstrap 5.2.0, all components support an **experimental** reserved data attribute `data-bs-config` that can house simple component configuration as a JSON string. When an element has `data-bs-config='{"delay":0, "title":123}'` and `data-bs-title="456"` attributes, the final `title` value will be `456` and the separate data attributes will override values given on `data-bs-config`. In addition, existing data attributes are able to house JSON values like `data-bs-delay='{"show":0,"hide":150}'`.


The final configuration object is the merged result of `data-bs-config`, `data-bs-`, and `js object` where the latest given key-value overrides the others.




| Name | Type | Default | Description |
| --- | --- | --- | --- |
| `backdrop` | boolean, `'static'` | `true` | Includes a modal-backdrop element. Alternatively, specify `static` for a backdrop which doesn’t close the modal when clicked. |
| `focus` | boolean | `true` | Puts the focus on the modal when initialized. |
| `keyboard` | boolean | `true` | Closes the modal when escape key is pressed. |


### Methods



**All API methods are asynchronous and start a transition.** They return to the caller as soon as the transition is started, but before it ends. In addition, a method call on a transitioning component will be ignored. [Learn more in our JavaScript docs.](/docs/5.3/getting-started/javascript/#asynchronous-functions-and-transitions)

#### Passing options


Activates your content as a modal. Accepts an optional options `object`.



```
const myModal = new bootstrap.Modal('#myModal', {
  keyboard: false
})

```


| Method | Description |
| --- | --- |
| `dispose` | Destroys an element’s modal. (Removes stored data on the DOM element) |
| `getInstance` | *Static* method which allows you to get the modal instance associated with a DOM element. |
| `getOrCreateInstance` | *Static* method which allows you to get the modal instance associated with a DOM element, or create a new one in case it wasn’t initialized. |
| `handleUpdate` | Manually readjust the modal’s position if the height of a modal changes while it is open (i.e. in case a scrollbar appears). |
| `hide` | Manually hides a modal. **Returns to the caller before the modal has actually been hidden** (i.e. before the `hidden.bs.modal` event occurs). |
| `show` | Manually opens a modal. **Returns to the caller before the modal has actually been shown** (i.e. before the `shown.bs.modal` event occurs). Also, you can pass a DOM element as an argument that can be received in the modal events (as the `relatedTarget` property). (i.e. `const modalToggle = document.getElementById('toggleMyModal'); myModal.show(modalToggle)`. |
| `toggle` | Manually toggles a modal. **Returns to the caller before the modal has actually been shown or hidden** (i.e. before the `shown.bs.modal` or `hidden.bs.modal` event occurs). |


### Events


Bootstrap’s modal class exposes a few events for hooking into modal functionality. All modal events are fired at the modal itself (i.e. at the `<div class="modal">`).




| Event | Description |
| --- | --- |
| `hide.bs.modal` | This event is fired immediately when the `hide` instance method has been called. |
| `hidden.bs.modal` | This event is fired when the modal has finished being hidden from the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete). |
| `hidePrevented.bs.modal` | This event is fired when the modal is shown, its backdrop is `static` and a click outside of the modal is performed. The event is also fired when the escape key is pressed and the `keyboard` option is set to `false`. |
| `show.bs.modal` | This event fires immediately when the `show` instance method is called. If caused by a click, the clicked element is available as the `relatedTarget` property of the event. |
| `shown.bs.modal` | This event is fired when the modal has been made visible to the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete). If caused by a click, the clicked element is available as the `relatedTarget` property of the event. |



```
const myModalEl = document.getElementById('myModal')
myModalEl.addEventListener('hidden.bs.modal', event => {
  // do something...
})

```
import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from markdownify import markdownify as md
from datetime import datetime

def find_content(soup):
    content_selectors = [
        {'tag': 'div', 'attr': {'class': 'main-content'}},
        {'tag': 'main', 'attr': {}},
        {'tag': 'article', 'attr': {}}
    ]
    for selector in content_selectors:
        content = soup.find(selector['tag'], attrs=selector['attr'])
        if content:
            return content
    return soup.find('body') or None

def extract_metadata(soup, url):
    title = soup.find('title').text if soup.find('title') else 'No Title'
    description_tag = soup.find('meta', attrs={"name": "description"})
    description = description_tag['content'] if description_tag else 'No Description'
    date_retrieved = datetime.now().strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S')
    return {
        'title': title,
        'url': url,
        'date_retrieved': date_retrieved,
        'description': description
    }

def html_to_markdown(url):
    response = requests.get(url)
    response.raise_for_status()
    soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')

    # Extract content and metadata
    content_div = find_content(soup)
    metadata = extract_metadata(soup, url)

    if content_div:
        markdown_text = md(str(content_div), heading_style="ATX")
        # Clean up markdown (optional, can be customized)
        markdown_text = '\n'.join(line.strip() for line in markdown_text.split('\n') if line.strip())

        # Prepare frontmatter
        frontmatter = f"""---
title: "{metadata['title']}"
url: "{metadata['url']}"
date_retrieved: "{metadata['date_retrieved']}"
description: "{metadata['description']}"
---
"""
        return frontmatter + markdown_text
    else:
        return "Content not found."

# Example usage
url = 'https://jekyllrb.com/docs/configuration/options/#global-configuration'
markdown_output = html_to_markdown(url)
print(markdown_output)

import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from markdownify import markdownify as md
from datetime import datetime

def find_content(soup):
    content_selectors = [
        {'tag': 'div', 'attr': {'class': 'main-content'}},
        {'tag': 'main', 'attr': {}},
        {'tag': 'article', 'attr': {}}
    ]
    for selector in content_selectors:
        content = soup.find(selector['tag'], attrs=selector['attr'])
        if content:
            return content
    return soup.find('body') or None

def extract_metadata(soup, url):
    title = soup.find('title').text if soup.find('title') else 'No Title'
    description_tag = soup.find('meta', attrs={"name": "description"})
    description = description_tag['content'] if description_tag else 'No Description'
    date_retrieved = datetime.now().strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S')
    return {
        'title': title,
        'url': url,
        'date_retrieved': date_retrieved,
        'description': description
    }

def clean_markdown(markdown_text):
    lines = markdown_text.split('\n')
    cleaned_lines = []
    for line in lines:
        if line.startswith('#'):
            # Ensure space after '#' in headings
            cleaned_line = line.replace('#', '').strip()
            line = '#' + ' ' + cleaned_line
        elif line.startswith(('-', '*', '+')) and not line.startswith(('---', '***')):
            # Ensure space after list markers
            if line[1] != ' ':
                line = line[0] + ' ' + line[1:]
        cleaned_lines.append(line)
    return '\n'.join(cleaned_lines)

def html_to_markdown(url):
    response = requests.get(url)
    response.raise_for_status()
    soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')

    content_div = find_content(soup)
    metadata = extract_metadata(soup, url)

    if content_div:
        raw_markdown = md(str(content_div), heading_style="ATX")
        markdown_text = clean_markdown(raw_markdown)

        frontmatter = f"""---
title: "{metadata['title']}"
url: "{metadata['url']}"
date_retrieved: "{metadata['date_retrieved']}"
description: "{metadata['description']}"
---
"""
        return frontmatter + markdown_text
    else:
        return "Content not found."

# Example usage
url = 'https://jekyllrb.com/docs/configuration/options/#global-configuration'
markdown_output = html_to_markdown(url)
print(markdown_output)

import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from markdownify import markdownify as md
from datetime import datetime

def find_content(soup):
    content_selectors = [
        {'tag': 'div', 'attr': {'class': 'main-content'}},
        {'tag': 'main', 'attr': {}},
        {'tag': 'article', 'attr': {}}
    ]
    for selector in content_selectors:
        content = soup.find(selector['tag'], attrs=selector['attr'])
        if content:
            return content
    return soup.find('body') or None

def extract_metadata(soup, url):
    title = soup.find('title').text if soup.find('title') else 'No Title'
    description_tag = soup.find('meta', attrs={"name": "description"})
    description = description_tag['content'] if description_tag else 'No Description'
    date_retrieved = datetime.now().strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S')
    return {
        'title': title,
        'url': url,
        'date_retrieved': date_retrieved,
        'description': description
    }

def clean_markdown(markdown_text):
    lines = markdown_text.split('\n')
    cleaned_lines = []
    consecutive_blank_lines = 0
    
    for line in lines:
        if line.strip() == '':
            consecutive_blank_lines += 1
            if consecutive_blank_lines > 1:
                continue
        else:
            consecutive_blank_lines = 0

        if line.startswith('#'):
            # Ensure space after '#' in headings
            cleaned_line = line.replace('#', '').strip()
            line = '#' + ' ' + cleaned_line
        elif line.startswith(('-', '*', '+')) and not line.startswith(('---', '***')):
            # Ensure space after list markers
            if line[1] != ' ':
                line = line[0] + ' ' + line[1:]
        cleaned_lines.append(line)
    
    return '\n'.join(cleaned_lines)

def html_to_markdown(url):
    response = requests.get(url)
    response.raise_for_status()
    soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, 'html.parser')

    content_div = find_content(soup)
    metadata = extract_metadata(soup, url)

    if content_div:
        raw_markdown = md(str(content_div), heading_style="ATX")
        markdown_text = clean_markdown(raw_markdown)

        frontmatter = f"""---
title: "{metadata['title']}"
url: "{metadata['url']}"
date_retrieved: "{metadata['date_retrieved']}"
description: "{metadata['description']}"
---
"""
        return frontmatter + markdown_text
    else:
        return "Content not found."

# Example usage
url = 'http://localhost:4002/home/'
markdown_output = html_to_markdown(url)
print(markdown_output)